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Roles of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in skeletal muscle metabolism. Image credit: Ms Wing Suen CHAN
HKU biologists reveal how obesity damages the skeletal muscle metabolism, a naturally occurring flavone is identified as a potential drug for obesity treatment

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Photo courtesy and copyright of Jacopo BRUNETTI (www.cabosharkdive.com).
HKU Paleontologists discovered shallow-marine ecosystem collapse and recovery during a historical hyperthermal event

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Left: Laser-stimulated fluorescence imaging of a pterosaur fossil reveals flight-related soft tissues. Image credit: Michael Pittman. (Right) Late Jurassic pterodactyloid pterosaur in flight. Image credit: Alex BOERSMA & PNAS.
Muscular Wing-Body Junction Improved Pterosaur Flight Performance

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Image credit: Upper panel: Nucleic Acids Research, Lower panel: by Lin Zhongyang.
HKU Biologists build a megabase-sized chromosome from scratch, further exploring the potential of worm artificial chromosomes to improve gene therapy

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Coral bleaching caused by marine heatwaves threatens not only the corals but also the species which rely on them for habitat. Photo: Dr Sylvain Agostini, Shimoda Marine Research Center, University of Tsukuba.
A new method for predicting the response of ecosystems to marine heatwaves developed by international collaboration

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The singlet fission process in pentacene dimer.
HKU theoretical chemists develop a breakthrough quantum chemistry technique for illuminating new opportunities towards computational design and optimisation of organic photofunctional materials

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Figure 1. Moiré pattern in twisted bilayer graphene. The twisted angle θ=4.41o and there are 676 Carbon atoms in a moiré unit cell. Image credit: Dr Bin-Bin CHEN
HKU Physicists demystify the magic: A bona fide topological Mott insulator discovered in twisted bilayer graphene model

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The best estimated average position of SN 1181 is given by a blue cross surrounded by a blue error circle of radius 5 degrees.
An explosive Cosmic Chinese Conundrum - a hot detective story from a very cold case: HKU astrophysicists solve a 900-year-old mystery giving an ancient Chinese guest star of AD 1181 a place to stay and rest

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The novel chemical synthetic carbohydrate conjugate vaccine successfully defeats the infection of drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
HKU and CityU made a breakthrough in vaccination development against lethal bacteria, providing new opportunity for treating resistant A. baumannii infection

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Bacterial curli promotes the aggregation of α-synuclein through cross-seeding, which leads to mitochondrial stress and neurodegeneration.
HKU biologists identified bacterial proteins that promote neurodegeneration, shedding light on new ways to prevent or slow down neurodegenerative diseases

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CubeSats serve as a bridge between proximate remote sensing measurements of phenocam and drone surveys, and MODIS satellite measurements. Figure credit: Dr Shengbiao WU and Miss Yingyi ZHAO
HKU environmental scientists solve key observational issues in new generation of satellites, transforming the way to track fine-scale changes of our planet from space

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The linked Weyl surfaces can be viewed in different three-dimensional subspaces, in the form of a point enclosed by a sphere, two linked lines, or two points separated by an infinite plane. Figure credit: Dr Shaojie Ma.
HKU Physicists and collaborators co-observe a higher-dimensional topological state with metamaterials

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Ants are social insect. They invest important efforts and energy in building nests and raising brood, making them almost sessile like plants. Photo credit: Insect Biodiversity and Biogeography Laboratory.
HKU Ecologists study the buffering effects of forests on climate change impacts on insect communities, revealing the importance of forest regeneration

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An image taken by the Curiosity Rover MastCam instrument shows layered sedimentary rocks composing Mount Sharp. The rover has been driving from the floor of Gale crater up through the rocks within these hills in order to understand how the rocks
HKU geologists discover that the NASA rover has been exploring surface sediments, not lake deposits for last eight years

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An example of deep-sea soft sediment ecosystem. Photo credit: NOAA OER and Ocean Exploration Trust; A. Thurber camera loan. Courtesy of Lisa Levin.
HKU Ecologist applied a novel statistical method to analysing causal inference and revealed importance of climate change in controlling deep-sea biodiversity

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Mangrove forests worldwide host invertebrate assemblages with low functional diversity. Photo credit: Stefano Cannicci
Marine ecologists reveal mangroves might be threatened by low functional diversity of invertebrates

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Reconstruction of the early fossil beaked bird Confuciusornis. The beak of Confuciusornis was previously studied by this team (see note 1) and found to have strength similar to birds eating plants or insects. Image credit: Gabriel Ugueto.
HKU Team Paves the Way for Learning what Ancient Birds Ate

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Cartoon depicting the overall pathway involved in MRGPRX2 mediated monocyte recruitment and differentiation. P17 activation of MRGPRX2, but not IgE receptor in mast cells resulting in cytokine releases (MCP-1, MIP1-α, GM-CSF and M-CSF) and subsequent mono
HKU biologists identify and demonstrate a naturally abundant venom peptide from ants that activates a previously unknown pseudo allergic pathway, unravelling a novel immunomodulatory pathway of MRGPRX2

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A New Holland honeyeater (Phylidonyris novaehollandiae) feeding on Wilson’s grevillea (Grevillea wilsonii), a favorite honeyeater food endemic to Western Australia. Photograph by Gerald Allen (Macaulay Library 271643651).
HKU Ecologists develop a novel forensic tool detecting laundering of critically endangered cockatoos

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A New Holland honeyeater (Phylidonyris novaehollandiae) feeding on Wilson’s grevillea (Grevillea wilsonii), a favorite honeyeater food endemic to Western Australia. Photograph by Gerald Allen (Macaulay Library 271643651).
Songbirds like it sweet! A research co-developed by HKU Evolutionary Biologist found that Songbird ancestors evolved a new way to taste sugar

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The research team discovers that silver (Ag)-based antimicrobials can effectively combat antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
HKU scientists reveal silver-based antimicrobials can be utilised as antibiotic adjuvants to combat antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus aureus

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From the left: Mr Chengkang ZHOU, Dr Zi Yang MENG and Dr Zheng YAN from the Research Division for Physics and Astronomy, HKU Science.
HKU first-year physics PhD student obtained the Higgs mode via dimensional crossover in quantum magnets which reveals importance of dimensions in many-body systems

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KSD179019 is a novel small molecule which can be developed into an antihypertensive drug to address the continually expanding hypertensive population
Developing a novel therapeutic molecule into an anti-hypertensive drug

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Smoke from human-caused wildfires on the Patagonian steppe are trapped in Antarctic ice. Photo Credit: Kathy Kasic/Brett Kuxhausen, Montana State University
A fiery past sheds new light on the future of global climate change, ice core samples reveal significant smoke aerosols in the pre-industrial Southern Hemisphere

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Photo of Common triplefin, Forsterygion lapillum, from New Zealand. Photo credit: Sean D. Connell
International joint research reveals how fish adapt to ocean acidification by modifying gene expression

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The research team at HKU.
HKU researchers identify promising new biologics for obesity-related diseases

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Top participants of the legal wildlife trade in the last 20 years
Research co-led by HKU and Lingnan ecologists reveals that wealth inequality is key driver of global wildlife trade

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Postdoctoral Fellow Dr Zheng YAN(on the left) and Associate Professor Dr Zi Yang MENG, from the HKU Research Division for Physics have invented a new algorithm that could solve a large class of important constrained quantum material models.
HKU physicists developed a new algorithm solving a long standing problem in constrained quantum material models

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The ADdis-Cys ‘camera’ can simultaneously identify a protein's interacting partners and pinpoint their binding regions
Seeing the unseen: HKU scientists develop a new chemical tool that sheds light on how proteins recognise and interact with each other

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What do the Galapagos Islands have in common with ponds in Finland? They are both laboratories, where scientists like HKU’s Professor Juha Merila, can observe evolution in action
What do the Galapagos Islands have in common with ponds in Finland? They are both laboratories, where scientists like HKU’s Professor Juha Merila, can observe evolution in action

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Research reveals that the sediment of Hong Kong’s Tolo Harbour contains Antibiotic Resistant Genes
Research reveals that the sediment of Hong Kong’s Tolo Harbour contains Antibiotic Resistant Genes

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Name an Ant initiative - HKU taxonomist brings attention to biodiversity loss by sharing with the public the excitement of discovering new life
Name an Ant initiative - HKU taxonomist brings attention to biodiversity loss by sharing with the public the excitement of discovering new life

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Legal wildlife trade – ten times bigger than the illegal trade, and doing massive damage to biodiversity
Legal wildlife trade – ten times bigger than the illegal trade, and doing massive damage to biodiversity

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Metamaterials, with artificially engineered unit cells, provide a powerful means for controlling the propagation of light and are useful for various applications ranging from imaging to information processing.
HKU chemists resolve a long-standing challenging problem on Metal-Metal interaction, the first team to prove that strong M-M’ Pauli repulsion leads to repulsive metallophilicity

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Metamaterials, with artificially engineered unit cells, provide a powerful means for controlling the propagation of light and are useful for various applications ranging from imaging to information processing.
Faculty of Science receives funding of over HK$38 Million from Collaborative Research Fund (CRF) 2020/21 of University Grants Committee

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Metamaterials, with artificially engineered unit cells, provide a powerful means for controlling the propagation of light and are useful for various applications ranging from imaging to information processing.
HKU-led Physics research team receives funding of over HK$80 Million from Areas of Excellence Scheme, set to uncover emerging technologies of 2D materials to revolutionize electronics, optoelectronics and photonics

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Metamaterials, with artificially engineered unit cells, provide a powerful means for controlling the propagation of light and are useful for various applications ranging from imaging to information processing.
HKU Physicist participated in cross-institutional Areas of Excellence project on meta-materials and meta-devices

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Metamaterials, with artificially engineered unit cells, provide a powerful means for controlling the propagation of light and are useful for various applications ranging from imaging to information processing.
Research co-led by Professor Hongzhe SUN from Research Division for Chemistry awarded the Local Top Ten innovation and technology news in 2020

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A basking Okada's five-lined skink (Plestiodon latiscutatus) on Hachijo-Kojima. Image credit: Masami Hasegawa.
Four decades of research on Japanese Izu Islands finds rising lizard temperatures may change predator-prey relationship with snakes

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Dr Zi Yang Meng achieved accurate model calculations of a topological KT phase for TMGO by performing computation on the Supercomputers Tianhe 1 and Tianhe 2.
Confirming simulated calculations with experiment results, new paradigm on quantum material research reveals topological KT phase of TMGO for the first time

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Remanents of feather sheaths on the wings of the fossil bird Archaeopteryx, shows the earliest evidence of a complex moulting strategy. The white arrows indicate the feather sheaths. Scale bar is 1 cm. Image credit: Kaye et al. 2020.
Research reveals earliest record of flight-related moulting found in 150-million-year-old bird Archaeopteryx providing insights into the evolution of moulting strategies

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Study reveals bat-winged dinosaurs had short-lived gliding abilities
New study finds seabird response to abrupt climate change 5,000 years ago transformed sub-Antarctic island ecosystems

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Study reveals bat-winged dinosaurs had short-lived gliding abilities
Study reveals bat-winged dinosaurs had short-lived gliding abilities

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strange metals
HKU physicist joins international effort to unveil the behaviour of “strange metals”

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Bird beak revealed by HKU-codeveloped laser imaging Informs early beak form, function, and development
Bird beak revealed by HKU-codeveloped laser imaging Informs early beak form, function, and development

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A joint team of astronomers including a member of HKU’s Laboratory for Space Research, captured stellar winds in unprecedented detail
A joint team of astronomers including a member of HKU’s Laboratory for Space Research, captured stellar winds in unprecedented detail

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Member of HKU’s Laboratory for Space Research Co-discovers the first planet found around white dwarf star
Member of HKU’s Laboratory for Space Research Co-discovers the first planet found around white dwarf star

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study of early birds
Landmark HKU-led volume on past progress and new frontiers in the study of early birds and their close relative

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Most close relatives of birds neared the potential for powered flight but few crossed its thresholds
Most close relatives of birds neared the potential for powered flight but few crossed its thresholds

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A new idea on how Earth’s outer shell first broke into tectonic plates
“Breaking” news! A new idea on how Earth’s outer shell first broke into tectonic plates

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Revisiting energy flow in photosynthetic plant cells
Revisiting energy flow in photosynthetic plant cells

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Spin texture and vortex in quantum magnet TMGO when the material is inside the topological KT phase.
Quantum Material research connecting physicists in Hong Kong, Beijing and Shanghai Facilitates discovery of better materials that benefit our society

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The five test marine organisms used in this study
An unexpected heat shock to neurons: HKU scientists and collaborators uncovered a new mechanism for balancing protein stability during neuronal development

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The five test marine organisms used in this study
HKU marine ecologists reveal larvicidal oil for mosquito control threatens coastal marine life and pollutes sea environment

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Giant clam Tridacna maxima
Metagenomics reveals distinct microbiotypes in the giant clams Tridacna maxima

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Coral Favites
HKU study unlocks the secret of corals’ tolerance to climate change: their diet

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reef fishes
HKU marine biologist and international team unveil impacts of heatwave on reef fishes

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wallace line
HKU earth scientist redrew global map of land life, achieving a unique research quadruple by landing first/correspondence author papers in the frontline journals of four of the Burlington House's learned societies.

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dolphins
HKU scientists find high concentrations of toxic phenyltin compounds in local Chinese white dolphins and finless porpoises confirming their biomagnification through marine food chains

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A team of international mangrove forest experts suggesting optimistic cause for global mangrove conservation

 

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HKU marine ecologists and international team unveils the historical impacts of development on coral reef loss in the South China Sea, suggesting possible coral restoration in Hong Kong

 

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HKU marine ecologist and international team identifies areas of top priority for deepsea monitoring and conservation through a survey of world’s leading deep-sea scientists

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HKU scientists develop a deep learning approach to predict disease-associated mutations of the metal-binding sites

 

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HKU plant scientists identify new strategy to enhance rice grain yield

 

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HKU astronomy research team unveils one origin of globular clusters around giant galaxies

 

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What colour were fossil animals? HKU palaeontologists evaluate fossil colour reconstruction methods to propose new study framework

 

 

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Smash and Grab: A heavyweight stellar champion for dying stars

 

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HKU earth scientists discovered century-scale deep-water circulation dynamics in the North Atlantic Ocean throughout the last 20,000 years

 

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HKU biologists discover cell division requires a balanced level of non-coding RNA for chromosome stability

 

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Monte Carlo study led by HKU physicist reveals the parent state of quantum phases

 

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Dr Benoit Guenard

Thirteen new ant species discovered in Hong Kong

 

 

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ancient bird

Ancient birds out of the egg running

 

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prof yam and team

HKU chemists develop a new class of robust gold(III) complexes with promising device lifetimes and tunable emission colours for vacuum-deposited OLEDs

 

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The pterosaur studied has four different feather types

HKU fossil imaging helps push back feather origins by 70 million years

 

 

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HKU study finds that ocean circulation in the North Atlantic is at its weakest since the past 1,500 years

 

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Planet discovered orbiting the second closest stellar system to the Earth

 

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HKU Chemists develop the first-in-class YEATS inhibitors that show promise for leukemia treatment
 

 

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An HKU-led team of international plant scientists reveal how chloroplasts maintain energy efficiency

 

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paleontologists

HKU paleontologists discover evolutions of tropical deep-water ecosystem and environment affected by high-latitude climate

 

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paleontologists

International team discovers an inside-out nebula surrounds a ‘born-again’ star, shedding light on the late-stage evolution of the Sun 

 

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HKU Laboratory for Space Research involved in international collaboration facilitating the discovery of an isolated Millisecond Pulsar with FAST

 

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HKU marine scientists unveil how climate change relates to coral bleaching

 

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paleontologists

HKU scientist makes key discoveries in the search for life on Mars

 

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topographic map of Mars

HKU geologist’s discovery of early earth-like seafloor deposits on Mars could provide clues to life’s origins

 

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paleontologists

HKU and Kyoto U reveal a new strategy to enhance the efficiency of cereal straw for biofuel production

 

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paleontologists

The “Hong Kong population” of Chinese white dolphins re-defined: The latest HKU study clarifies how many dolphins there are in Hong Kong waters

 

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Major breakthrough in knowledge of dinosaur appearance - HKU palaeontologist reconstructs feathered dinosaurs in the flesh with new technology

 

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